Flowering in mango is preceded by the differentiation of the flower bud in the shoots. … The time of flower-bud differentiation in mango is in the month of August under Punjab conditions which appears to be too early a period because there is no dormancy between the fruit-bud differentiation and inflorescence elongation.
What is flower bud differentiation?
Definition: Development of flower parts following initiation. In most fruit trees of the temperate zone, flower buds are fully differentiated before winter, but in olives, differentiation occurs during or at the end of winter.
What is fruit bud differentiation?
The fruit-bud-differentiation is a crucial event in the growth and development of mango, as it marks the change in partitioning and transport of metabolites from source to sink between the vegetative and reproductive organs which are governed by the growth hormones.
What is flower bud initiation?
Definition: The first stage when flower buds can be identified by histochemical or biochemical tests. In olives, it occurs between the end of the summer and autumn.
What is mango flower?
Mango flowers form from terminal buds of the most recent mature shoots. Most varieties flower once a year during winter or spring following a dormant period. Flower initiation is usually triggered by cool nights and dry conditions. … Mangoes flower from the tips of branches.
What is Juvenility and flower bud differentiation?
Juvenility is the period in which a plant cannot produce flowers. It occurs in the initial stage of a plant. In this stage the development of new parts takes place. It can last up to 20-30 days and can go up to 30-40 years depending upon the type of plant. It can be considered as childhood phase of a plant.
What is Juvenility in plants?
Introduction. Juvenility is the early phase of plant growth, from seed germination, during which flowering cannot be induced. It is important as it affects when a plant can become reproductive.
What is shy bearing?
Biennial bearing (or alternate) bearing is a term used in pomology to refer to trees that have an irregular crop load from year to year. In the “on” year too much fruit is set, leading to small fruit size. … It could also be caused by depletion of carbohydrate reserves in the tree.
Which fruit is called as fruit of heaven?
In the holy book of Islam, Fig (Anjeer) is mentioned as ‘The Fruit of Heaven’, which belongs to the mulberry family. This fruit has numerous benefits and quite a few varieties which are mentioned below.
What is high density planting system?
HDP is defined as planting at a density in excess of that which gives maximum crop yield at maturity if the individual tree grows to its full natural size. In other words, it is the planting of more number of plants than optimum through manipulation of tree size.
What is the difference between floral induction and floral initiation?
Floral initiation includes all of the developments necessary for the irreversible commitment by the meristem to produce an inflorescence (Kinet, 1993). … Floral induction is where an environmental stimulus, most commonly photoperiod or temperature, leads to floral initiation.
How are flower buds initiated in the temperate region?
Bud opening commonly is induced by temporary rehydration of trees after leaf fall, by small amounts of precipitation during the dry season, or by onset of the wet season. … Such rehydration of trees even triggered anthesis of species that usually bloom 6 to 8 weeks later (Opler et al., 1976).
Does mango tree have flowers?
Mango tree is monoecious that produces both male and female reproductive parts in the same or single tree. Mango trees initiates’ lot of flowers and all the flowers won’t develop in to fruits. … 75 % of mango flowers initiated can develop in to fruits by self-pollinating.
Why does my mango tree have flowers?
When a mango tree sprouts flowers, it means that there is potential for fruit to develop. A mango tree can be self-pollinated by insects and wind, and pollination results in fruit formation. Fruits usually ripen 100 to 150 days after flowering.
What is the inflorescence of mango?
The inflorescence of mango is panicle. It is a type of racemose inflorescence. It is a branched raceme.